Monday, March 1, 2010

Urgent Need to Expand Bali's Airport Minister Wants End to All Delays in Major Upgrade of Bali's Airport.

Urgent Need to Expand Bali's Airport
Minister Wants End to All Delays in Major Upgrade of Bali's Airport.

Bali News: Urgent Need to Expand Bali's Airport
(3/1/2010) Indonesia's Minister of Culture and Tourism, Jero Wacik, was in Bali on Sunday, February 28, 2010, to officiate at the launching of a book covering the history of Bali aviation. Bali's Ngurah Rai Airport: Gateway to Paradise 1930-2010 which has been published by Angkasa Pura I, the company that manages Bali's only air gateway.

During his remarks at a launch party held at the Kartika Plaza Hotel in South Kuta, Minister Wacik urged that current plans to expand and upgrade Bali's airport not be delayed in order to accommodate the rapidly expanding number of domestic and foreign tourist coming to Bali.

The Minister revealed he was keeping abreast of development at the airport, including efforts to employ a Balinese architectural firm to ensure the facility has a "Balinese style." Quoted in The Jakarta Globe Wacik's now familiar wide ranging comments included pointers on clean bathrooms, the need for less commercial space at the airport, better taxi service and improved immigration service.

On plans to reduce commercial spaces, Wacik admonished, "If you want to shop, just go to Sukawati market, shop directly from the people."

The Minister, who heads a nation-wide campaign for cleaner public toilets, said: "Remember, a survey stated that 70 percent of people who just get off a plane, the first thing they want is the toilet. Do not let people travel all the way from Europe and, once they get into Ngurah Rai Airport, they complain about the dirty toilets."

The director of state airport operations at Angkasa Pura I told the audience that the upgrade of the airport is still awaiting the final approval of Bali's governor and the regent of Badung. Once these are in hand the final plans will then be forwarded to the Minister of Transportation for his agreement before letting the project out for bid.

Expansion plans will dislocate 130 employees now living in an airport housing complex in order to provide space for expanded runway, apron and terminals. The new airport is being designed to accommodate a flow through of 20 million passengers each year, a number roughly twice the present volume.

Angkasa Pura also used the occasion to remind the government of the need to increase the capacity of roads leading into and out of the airport.

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Key Data
Project Type
Airport expansion
Southern Bali, Indonesia
Originally constructed
Terminals two

10 million passengers
16 million passengers per year         2012

Ngurah Rai International Airport, the only airport in Bali, is located 13km from Denpasar. It is also known as Denpasar or Bali International Airport and is managed by state-owned company PT (Persero) Angkasa Pura I.
The airport is spread over an area of 295.6ha and serves about 10 million passengers per year. Located 2.5km away from the resort of Kuta, it is the third-busiest international airport in Indonesia.

It was originally built in 1931 in the village of Tuban.
The airport earned International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) recognition in 1963 and a new international terminal building and runway extension to 2,700m were completed in 1969.
In 1978 another new international terminal building was built and the old building became a domestic terminal.
Phase I in the development plan for the airport from October 1989 to August 1992 included further extension of the runway to 3,000m, a taxiway relocation and expansion of the apron. Air navigation and fuel supply facilities were also developed, along with a passenger terminal building.
"An expansion project will increase the annual passenger handling capacity to 16 million."
Phase II started in February 1998 and was completed in June 2000. The airport's aviation facilities were developed during this phase.
A set of flight control facilities was introduced in June 2009. A new expansion project will start in 2010 and increase the annual passenger handling capacity from 10 million to 16 million by 2012.
In May 2009 a design proposed by PT Angkasa Pura I for the expansion of the airport was rejected by the governor of Bali because 40% of all space was designated for commercial use.
In October 2009 another design, which designated 30% of the total area to commercial use, was accepted.
The expansion of the airport, which was delayed for several months, will start in January 2010. It is worth $160m and should be completed in two-and-a-half years. The programme includes the extension of the international and domestic terminals and the expansion of parking lots and other facilities.
Property developments around the airport are also being planned, including a 485,800m² golf course south of the runway, a 29,200m² trade centre, a 23,000m² hotel and commercial area and a 4,566m² transshipment cargo area north of the apron.
Terminal features
The airport has one domestic terminal and one international terminal, as well as a cargo building. The older building is used as the domestic terminal while the international terminal is located in a newer, L-shaped building.
The current international terminal building is 63,246m² and can handle 7.4 million passengers an year, while the domestic terminal is 11,255m² and can handle about 1.5 million passengers per year.
The international terminal is comprised of a departure and an arrival terminal. A festival plaza divides the terminals. The departures terminal has a waiting room and ten boarding gates, each equipped with aviobridges and automatic aircraft parking systems. The boarding rooms can hold 3,175 passengers. The baggage claiming room has 146 conveyors and 62 scale units.
The domestic terminal has a boarding room that can accommodate 2,118 people. The domestic luggage claim room has two L-shaped luggage conveyor units.
Waiting rooms are available for main class passengers at the domestic and international terminals. They can hold about 1,573 passengers. Duty-free shops, restaurants, banks and moneychangers, telephone facilities, hotel reservations counters and tourism information centres are also present.
The international cargo area occupies 2,785m² while the domestic cargo area occupies 952m² and has cold storage.
Ngurah Rai has a single runway. When the airport was built in 1931 it had a grass runway. A new asphalt runway, 45m wide and 1,600m long, was constructed between 1941 and 1947.
The current runway is 3,000m long and directed along 09/27. It has an asphalt surface and is made from concrete.
Parking and road infrastructure
The airport has a 55,000m² car park facility with five exit taxiways and two parallel taxiways.
"Property developments around the airport are being planned."
The vehicle parking area measures 61,376m² and can accommodate 48 buses, 306 taxis, 1,002 cars and 711 two-wheelers. An aircraft parking lot is available for seven class B, 10 DC and 25 class B 737 aircraft. Three helipads are also available.
The parallel taxiways are 278m x 23m and 580m x 23m. Three of the exit taxiways measure 148m x 30m and two measure 232m x 30m.
Security and check-in
The airport was certified as meeting US Government security standards on 11 October 2007.
The decision was based on Transportation Security Administration (TSA) assessments, which concluded that security measures at the airport complied with ICAO standards.
The airport has 17 gates. The domestic terminal has 35 electronic scale check-in counters and two baggage carousels. The international terminal is equipped with a check-in room that houses 62 electronic scale check-in counters.
Air traffic control
A new air traffic control (ATC) system at the airport was among flight control facilities introduced in June 2009.
The area control centre (ACC) in Bali is divided into three sectors: Bali West Control, Bali Centre Control and Bali East Control. All sectors are fully controlled with the help of radar and non-radar. Bali West Control covers position 1140E - Semarang at altitudes from 18,000ft to 46,000ft, where the frequency of radio communications is 123.9MHz. The transmitter is located in Surabaya.
"A new air traffic control system was among flight control facilities introduced in June 2009."
Bali Centre Control is positioned 1140E covering altitudes from 18,000ft to 46,000ft. It has a frequency of 120.7MHz. Bali East Control is also positioned 1140E - Indonesia and Australia border covering altitudes of 18,000ft to 46,000ft. The frequency of this sector is 128.3MHz and the transmitter is located in Kintamani and Waingapu.
The approach control office (APP) controls the aircraft within a 10nm to 60nm radius of the airport between the surface and 2,500ft to 19,000ft by means of full object radar detection.
The aerodrome control tower (ADC) is responsible for efficient movement of vehicles on taxiways and aircraft on the ground and in the air. The ADC has a control radius of 0nm to 5nm (DVOR - BALI as point 0) at altitudes of 0ft to 2,500ft.
Communications and other airport systems
Communication facilities at Ngurah Rai International Airport include aeronautical fixed services (AFS), aeronautical mobile services (AMS) and automatic terminal information services (ATIS).
Standard navigation tools at the airport include primary and secondary surveillance radars, a lighting system, landing strip lighting, a precision approach path indicator (PAPI), approach and threshold lamps, a rotating beacon and a light for identifying the runway's end.
Maintenance facilities
The fuelling depot, operated by PT (Persero) Pertamina, has six concealed tanks with a total capacity of about 20 million litres.
Ground handling services are controlled by eight companies. In-flight catering is organised by two national companies located at the east of the terminal. A quarantine office is available.

Ngurah Rai International Airport (IATA: DPS, ICAO: WADD), also known as Denpasar International Airport, is located in southern Bali, 13 km south of Denpasar. It is named after I Gusti Ngurah Rai, an Indonesian National Hero killed in the Battle of Marga during the Indonesian Revolution.[1] Ngurah Rai is Indonesia's third-busiest international airport, after Jakarta's Soekarno-Hatta International Airport and Surabaya's Juanda International Airport. The airport is located close to the extensive tourist developments of southern Bali; the resort center of Kuta is 2.5 km north of the airport. The airport was previously determined by Transportation Security Administration of the United States of America in 2005 as not meeting the security standards of the International Civil Aviation Administration,[2] however this warning was lifted on 2007-10-11.[3].

Domestic Arrival and Departure Terminal Area: 9.039 m²
International Arrival and Departure Terminal Area: 28.630 m²
The parking area is 38.358 m².
The total terminal area is 265.60 Ha.
The Domestic Terminal is located in the old building, while the International Terminal is located in the L shaped terminal. The airport has 17 gates: 3 in the Domestic Terminal, and 14 in the International Terminal. Eight of the international gates have aerobridges. The Domestic Terminal has 35 check in counters, and 2 baggage carousels.

A new airport is proposed to change Ngurah Rai airport in Jembrana regency in western Bali[4]. However in 2009-2011 a new hall of 100.000 sqm will be built and the existing hall of 56.000 sqm will be renovated.

  Denpasar, More than 2.38 million foreign tourists visited Bali last year, up 14.48 percent from a year earlier, the local statistics office said.

"In December 2009 alone, the number of foreign tourists visiting the resort island was 222,546, a 26.47 percent increase compared to the same period a year earlier or a 20.42 percent increase compared to November 2009," head of the Bali statistics office Ida Komang Wisnu said on Wednesday.

He said Australia was Bali`s biggest source of foreign tourists, contributing 446,570, an increase of 42.62 percent from the year before.

China came in second place with 205,151 tourists, up 56.98 percent compared to 2008, he said.

Meanwhile, the number of Japanese, South Korean and Taiwanese tourists visiting Bali last year fell 7.20 percent, 7.43 percent and 7.67 percent respectively from 2008.

Source: Antara News


New Airport Touted for Bali

William J. Furney, Managing Editor of The Bali Times’ in the October 19, 2007 edition reports: Jembrana Regency in the west of Bali has drawn up a plan to construct its own international airport, and is awaiting the go-ahead, and funds totaling some US$110 million, from the central government to proceed with the ambitious project, officials said. A feasibility study has just been completed on a Jembrana International City Airport, but there were indications of resistance to the project from the Bali government, said Regent I Gede Winasa. "As long as there is no goodwill from the provincial government, then efforts to develop Bali will never come to fruition," he said. The proposed airport would take some of the strain off the island's only existing international airport, Ngurah Rai in southern Tuban, he said. Ngurah Rai airport, just 13 kilometers from the island's capital Denpasar, is currently in the midst of a multimillion-dollar, large-scale expansion plan, which includes bigger international and domestic terminals to handle rising numbers of passengers, as well as possibly extending its sole runway. However, Winasa said it was not possible to expand Ngurah Rai International Airport much more, as it was fenced in by beaches that are protected. "From an environmental perspective, the expansion of Ngurah Rai airport is no longer possible, because the beaches surrounding it are protected from erosion." Jembrana, in the west of the island, was a more suitable location for a busy international airport, said Winasa. "Jembrana is a good alternative because it accommodates all the requirements for an international airport," he said. The plans call for the airport to be built on 600 hectares of land in the Pekutatan plantation area; it would have a 3,600-meter-long runway, far more than Ngurah Rai’s current 3,000 meters, though there are plans underway, however controversial, to extend it a further 600 meters, into mangrove swamp areas that would be reclaimed. A toll road would be built to link the proposed Jembrana airport to the rest of the island, most notably key southern tourism areas. Meanwhile, officials at the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Jakarta said the Jembrana plan was being forwarded to President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and the Ministry of Transportation. Senior official at the Ministry of Culture and Tourism I Ketut Wiryadinata said the airport could be a viable alternative to the expansion difficulties faced by Ngurah Rai airport, which was not able to adequately accommodate the amount of tourists coming into Bali. "The current airport is already at its maximum, and it is difficult for more expansion to be done because of the limited land," he said. In August this year, the average number of visitors to Bali was 5,400 per day, increasing to 6,000 in September, he said, adding that by 2010, the government was targeting up to 11,000 per day arriving in Bali. Wiryadinata said Ngurah Rai airport hampered tourism in Bali, as it could not accommodate more people. "Ngurah Rai airport is not capable of serving most tourism agencies from Europe, which often use big airplanes. They are unable to get direct access to Bali, especially when there are no airlines flying from Bali to Europe," he said. According to Wiryadinata, the international airport proposed by Jembrana Regency meets the structural criteria for an airport, which requires a remote location, outside the center of a city. "An international airport in Jembrana would also increase the development of other means of transport. It's even possible that there would be a toll road from Jembrana to Denpasar and even to Karangasem." He said that if the President agreed with the plan, the central government would put the plan into its 2008 development program. "Then the House of Representatives will discuss the plan with the president. If an agreement is reached, the project will be started in 2009," he said. One local industry analyst, Jack Daniels of Bali Discovery Tours, said either an overhaul of the existing airport was required, or that a new airport be built. "Clearly, Bali needs more air-handling capacity to serve the new generation of aircraft and long-distance flights. Whether Bali expands its current airport at Tuban or builds a new airport in Jembrana, the right decision will only be made if it is part of a long-term macro-view of Bali," he told The Bali Times. "If an airport is seriously being considered for Jembrana, then other questions arise: Will the planning and budgeting for that facility contemplate the many environmental impacts? The need for an entire road system or mass transport system to connect the airport? And, the negative impact on local communities of a new airport project?" Daniels advised caution, however, in a rush to build a new airport. "There is a tendency in Bali to push on with every project, taking the attitude that we'll deal with the problems later as they arise. We build hotels at the end of village roads too small to serve them; erect monuments that stand half-built due to a lack of planning and funding; develop golf courses in areas already suffering severe water shortages; and issue building permits for hotels and villas without the faintest idea on how to supply electricity from an already severely burdened power grid." "The decision on how to address the need for more air capacity in Bali needs to be taken carefully by people setting aside any personal narrow interests in favor of a more measured, island-wide perspective."

Jakarta Post reports that Bali Governor Made Mangku Pastika has now confirmed that Bali will move ahead with plans to build a second airport near its northern shore. This announcement came after an order from Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla decreeing that the expansion of Bali’s current airport in Tuban must move ahead and be completed by 2011.
Governor Pastika made the announcement following a meeting with the Bali’s Provincial Legislative House of Representatives, telling the press that the plan for a second airport has been endorsed by both the Vice President and the Minister of Culture and Tourism. It is believed that the new airport will be built in the Buleleng Regency.
Those supporting the second airport point to the under-capacity of the Ngurah Rai International Airport and the need to balance development patterns between Bali’s North and South. Experts believe that the presence of an airport in Buleleng would stimulate a surge of tourism development along the northern coast which remains economically depressed in comparison to the southern regions of the Island.
News by Bali Discovery Tours -

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